Raúl Isidro Burgos Rural Teachers’ College, best known as Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers’ College, is a higher level institution for males only, located in Ayotzinapa, in the municipality of Tixtla in the Mexican state of Guerrero.
It is part of the rural teacher’s school system that was created as part of an ambitious mass education plan implemented by the state in the 1920s. Moisés Sáenz was the head of the Secretariat of Public Education at the time of the college’s creation.
The project for rural teachers’ colleges had a strong component of social transformation, which has made it a hotbed for social movements. In that sense, Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers’ College is of high importance because it is where important figures like Lucio Cabañas Barrientos and Genaro Vázquez Rojas were educated and later on were the ones to lead important guerrilla movements in Mexico during the 20th century.
On the night of September 26, 2014 a group of students from this institution hijacked some buses hoping that they could participate on the demonstrations of October 2 in Mexico City. Allegedly, elements from the municipal police of Iguala and members of the criminal organization Guerreros Unidos attacked the group of students under the command of José Luis Abarca Velázquez, the mayor of Iguala. This event turned out to be rather significant with the disappearance of 43 students, 6 dead people, and 25 injured.