Uruk was an ancient city of Mesopotamia located on the east bank of the river Euphrates, crossed by the old Nil channel, in a region 225 km from Baghdad, Iraq. The theory that the modern name Iraq derives from the name Uruk is not corroborated.
At its peak, towards the third millennium b. C, Uruk had a walled area of about 6.5 km being estimated its population between 50 000 and 80 000 inhabitants, being therefore the biggest city of the world at that time.
The vision of sexuality in The city is not clear; however, the sexual act is shown on some Uruk cylindrical seals, so it does not appear to be a taboo subject. Yes, there are later references to the usual sexual practices in the city, which, being dedicated to the goddess Ishtar, seems to support homosexual or transsexual practices and promiscuity. Copulation in the streets was a common practice. The role of prostitution is unclear, and a possible ritual function has been discussed.
According to the Sumerian tradition, it was the home of Gilgamesh, hero of one of the oldest literary works in history, the Poem of Gilgamesh, and who is said to have built the temple of Eanna and the city walls. Uruk was probably the birthplace of the cylindrical seal, as well as calculus and accounting.
In July 2016, Unesco chose the archaeological site of Uruk as a World Heritage Site, as part of the archaeological remains of Sumerian settlements in Lower Mesopotamia, which flourished between the third and fourth millennium BC. In the swampy delta formed by the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.